China social insurance is a system of mandatory social protection schemes that covers various risks and contingencies for workers and residents in China. The system consists of five types of insurance: pension, medical, unemployment, work-related injury, and maternity, as well as a housing fund for urban employees. China social insurance aims to provide basic income security and health care for the population, especially for the elderly, the sick, the disabled, and the unemployed.
The China social insurance system is administered by different government agencies at different levels, and the contribution rates and benefit levels vary by region and sector. The system is financed by contributions from employers, employees, and the government, as well as by investment income and fiscal subsidies. The system faces many challenges, such as low coverage, insufficient funding, regional disparities, and demographic changes.
This archive contains a collection of articles that explore various aspects of China social insurance, such as its history, development, reform, current situation, and future prospects. The articles provide insights into the policies, practices, and issues of China social insurance from different perspectives and disciplines. The articles also offer comparative analysis and international experience that can help improve the understanding and evaluation of China social insurance.